Friday, May 3, 2019

Xala by Sembene Ousmane Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Xala by Sembene Ousmane - Essay ExampleXala articulates the uphill African humankind, freed from the rule by France. Once the colonial powers exploited the African people now it is the form of the rich and the influential to continue with that legacy. The protagonist in the novel El Hadji Abdou Kader Beye is an associate of the assemblage of vocationmen of the commonwealth who charter joined together to take charge of the countrys deliverance and appargonntly to check the inflow of foreign capital. That was just a superficial act. Such businessmen were pass off in glove with the foreign businessmen even after the country attained independence. Their disposition was yet for public consumption and to mislead the gullible people of the country. The newly formed coterie, of which El Hadji was involved, utilize approaches and principles identical to that of the colonial businessmen whose place they had occupied. For aggrandizement of power and wealth, they employed corrupt and dubious methods. The colonial powers had left behind them a poor Senegalese economy with weak infrastructure. The social norms were still channelise on non-traditional lines with unequal relationships between the two genders. El Hadji intelligently clubs the tenets of Islam to his business goals. Means are of no consequence to him for profiteering and being a Moslem, his status symbol is the number of wives he owns and their palatial houses. His consumption of the tenets of Islam does not yield good results in the long run and the law of divine retribution workings to undo his ill-gotten wealth. The beginning has something stunning to reveal about the male/female relationships in the country where majority of the people practice Islam. Muslim women are not powerless, as articulated by the horse opera scholars and sociologists, but while remaining within the four walls of the house, they exercise power in their unique stylus and dominate men. The gender relations El Hadjis w ives are not quiet and bowing women. The author also introduces another strong woman, Yay Bineta. El Hadjis third marriage transpires not because he wants it, but on account of the guile of Yay Bineta. El Hadji submits to her manipulations and is compelled to accept her judgment into marrying. The author writes, she did battle with El Hadji in the ancient, allegorical terminology preserved by custom.(7) During the arguments and counterarguments her feminine viciousness and biting language is liberally employed and she chides him that he is scared of women. His bravado is just an exhibition for showing to the outside world and she castigates him that his wives wear trousers within the house. Such observations must have hurt the ego of El Hadji. Thus the author succinctly argues that the Muslim men in Senegal are the tools in the hands of their wives and they dance to their tunes. Women in Muslim families are generally figured out as humble servants confined to the four walls of the house and they have no freedom whatsoever. They may be restricted when they go out of house on supererogatory occasions accompanied by husband or any other male member, but wrong the house their rule prevails. The depiction by the western historians is faulty and women are not meek and obedient. El Haldji commands his wives, but their reactions cannot be taken for granted. His married woman number two, Oumi NDoye is a skillful manipulator and she has improve the art of torturing him mentally and gets her demands fulfilled from him. El Haldji is just the supporter of the three families and he does not enjoy their genuine affection and his bunch of children invariably greets him to demand money. His energies are spent in managing his business and more so his families. When in the end he suffers losses in business his wives desert him. His wife number one stays with him till the end. By depicting the life of El Haldji, the author depicts the societal conditions

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