Monday, April 15, 2019
Plato - Epistemology Essay Example for Free
Plato Epistemology Essay? Plato was born in Athens in 428/27 BCE, one year after death of Pericles. ? His father traced his lineage to the grizzly kings of Athens and before them to the god Posiedon. ? His, mother Perictione, was the sister of Chramides and the cousin of Critias. ? In such a family atmosphere, Plato learned much about public life and developed at an early age a feel of responsibility for public political service. ? Around 387 BCE, when he was about 40 yrs. Old, Plato founded the Academy at Athens. scheme OF KNOWLEDGE The Cave The Dividend Line ? Plato provides more detail about directs of screwledge that we can obtain ? These objects and their collimate types of thought can be diagram as follows Types of Objects y Thought The Good, Forms Intelligence Mathematical persuasion Objects Things Belief Images Imagining Imagining ? The most superficial form of mental activity is found at the lowest level of the line. ? The three levels of reality here are , then 1.The form of Humanness 2. The embodiment of this Form in Socrates 3. The simulacrum of Socrates as represented on canvass Belief ? The next stage after imagining is belief. ? It may touch on us as strange that Plato should use the word believing instead of knowing to describe the articulate of mind induced by seeing actual objects. Thinking ? When we move from believing to cerebration, we move from the panoptical world to the intelligible world and from the realm of opinion to the realm of knowledge Perfect Intelligence? To name a perfect knowledge would require that we grasp the relation of everything to everything else-that we see the unity of the whole of reality. Plato abbreviation Statement Now you may take, a corresponding to the four sections, these four states of mind intelligence for the highest, thinking for the second, belief for the third and for the last imagining. These you may arrange as the terms in a proportion, assignment to distributively a degree of clearness and certainty, corresponding to the measure in which their object possess accuracy and reality.THEORY OF FORMS ? Platos theory of the Forms is his most significant philosophical contribution. ? There are atleast 5 questions that we might ask about the forms What are the forms? ? In his Symposium Plato states that we norm whollyy grasp apricot first of all in a particular object or person. But having discovered beauty in his special(a) form, we soon perceive that the beauty of one form is akin to another, and so we move from the beauty of a particular body to the recognition that beauty in every form is one the corresponding.Where do the forms Exist? ? Platos clearest suggestion on this problem is that the Forms are separate from concrete things, that they populate apart from the things we see. What Is the Relation of Forms to Each other? ? A Form can be related to a thing in three ways o The Form is the cause of the essence of a thing. o A thing may be said to p articipate in a form. o A thing may be said to imitate or copy a form. What is the Relation of forms to each other?? Plato says that We can have discourse only through the weaving together of Forms. How do we know the forms? ? Plato mentions at least three different ways in which our minds discover the Forms. o There is callback o People arrive to the knowledge of forms through the activity of dialectic. o There is a military force of desire or love (eros) Intelligible World Visible World Knowledge Opinion.