Tuesday, February 26, 2019
Hiv/Aids and Social Support Essay
human immunodeficiency virus/ aid and Social check Essay The character reference of sociable Support in coping in human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome As southeasterly Africa has a very high rate of human immunodeficiency virus infections. The government has increase the availability of antiretrovirals to the individuals who have been diagnosed with this disease. Whereas the availability of the treatment increases in that respect is a not bad(p) amount of sieveors that come with the diagnosis of this virus. therefor there are former(a) aspects that play a role in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS such as environmental factors, stigmazation and social bridge over.This essay will be discussing the role that social harbor plays in people with human immunodeficiency virus/AIDS, the personal cause of social advocate and the theories on social accompaniment. This essay will in addition be discussing the role of social patronize after an individual has been diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. The related health decline and the stigma attached to this diagnosis. The diagnosis of HIV/AIDS leads to enormous amounts of stress to the individual that has been diagnosed with this chronic illness.Solomon (1987) as citied in Green (1993) hypnotizes that stress, mental and social support can influence the footfall at which HIV replicates and progresses to AIDS therefor there is an indirect joining amid HIV/AIDS and social support. gibe to Carver (1989) as cited in Koopman, Gore-Felton, Marouf Butler, Field, Gill, Chen, Israelski & Spiegel(2000) the lack of expression of motions, the withdrawal of ones deportment and the mental detachment to the world are the three to the highest degree apply coping tactics that are associated with the increasing levels of stress among people lifespan with HIV.There are a lot of stigmas associated with HIV such as that it infects only if certain kinds of people. Stigma refers to be bia s, shun attitudes, abuse and mistreatment directed at people living withHIVandAIDS. The consequences of stigma are widespread creation rejected by family, friends and even the community. Stigma remains the single most principal(prenominal) barrier to public action. It is a main reason why too many people are afraid to see a doctor to determine whether they have the disease, or to seek treatment if so.It helps look at AIDS the silent killer, because people fear the social disgrace of oral presentation intimately it, or taking easily available precautions. Stigma is a chief reason why the AIDS epidemic continues to devastate societies well-nigh the world. (Moon, 2010). HIV/AIDS is a life-threatening illness, and hence people move to it in strong ways. HIV infection is connected with actions (such as homosexuality, drug addiction, prostitution) that are already stigmatised in many communities many of this stigmatisation is caused by not being informed and the misconceptions th at go along with HIV.The effects of the ARVs may cause individual to change appearance which may lead to ine timber based on appearance. HIV/AIDS is a very stressful life event with payable to the diagnosis of the chronic event therefore one need stable social support. According to Friedland, Renwick and McColl (1996) social support reflects on the fol upseting types of supports The kind of support in whichthe individual is declare oneselfd with fair to middling services and goods and financial stability.The second support is where the individual who has HIV/AIDS is provided with all the information she needs regarding the condition she has, the third one is horny support which is according to House (1981) the feeling that the individual is being cared for. wound up support strengthens the feeling of self-worth and belonging and is also regarded as the most important one in terms of social support. Friedland et al. (1996) suggests that health professionals could meet the nee ds of people with HIV/AIDS more by developing formal social support so that the burden from friends and family can be decreased.People with HIV/AIDS can be encouraged to attend counselling sessions provided by health professionals. Many communities prove that support provided by AIDS survivors, buddy-systems, support centres have decreased the gap between formal and informal social support significantly. Even if these kind of semi-formal support does not provide the approximateness that friends provides, it provides a higher level of trust for the individuals with HIV/AIDS. Schreurs and Ridder (1997) emphasizes that close relationships are unique therefor they cannot be replaced.According to Broadhead et al. (1983) in Green (1993) there is a positive association between social support and psychological assets which helps the individual who has HIV/AIDS cope with the illness and also promotes recovery. Green(1993) argues that the is no proof that show the concrete proof that show s ocial support has an effect in the development of HIV. Riello (1990) states that it is more likely for death to give-up the ghost in an individual who has been diagnosed with HIV in the past 12 months with no social support.When the diagnosis is in its initial stages it is where the rate of its progression is the red-hot and the individual who is being diagnosed is at his/her most vulnerable stage because they are still coming to terms with themselves having the disease. Based on these statements social support plays a big role in the physical health of an individual with HIV. Constructed on the research done by Persson (1991) there is an association between social support and an HIV positive individuals low CD4 count.There are also symptoms during the duration of the illness that are linked to decrepit social support. Social support is divided into two categories. The kind that is safe for the individuals who are experiencing stress. According to the buffering theory, social su pport protects people from the unhealthy effects of traumatic events by influencing how people think about andhandle these kinds of events. According to stress and coping theory,events are stre ssful to the extent that individuals have negative thoughts about the events and cope unproductively.This theory is called the buffering hypothesis. Willis (1985). The main theory is the one that is health up(p) to everyone. This theory is found when social support is intellectualized. Apparently this is not due to better coping actions but it promotes self-worth and the feeling of stability. In conclusion, it is debatable that there is a link between social support and the health value status in individuals living with HIV/AIDS even if it is minimal. As discussed above social support can have a negative effect when it comes to coping strategies.Even if social support help people with HIV deal with the illness it does not play a significant role in the physical well-being of the individuals but it has a big big emotional impact. It can be concluded that social support increases the quality of life and self-esteem in people living with HIV/AIDS. Therefor it can be concluded that more research needs to be conducted to prove the definite correlate between social support and the diagnosis of HIV. References Green, G. (1993). Editorial review Social support and HIV. AIDS Care, 5(1), 87. Koopman, C. C. , Gore-Felton, C. C. Marouf, F. F. , Butler, L. D. , Field, N. N. , Gill, M. M. , & Spiegel, D. D. (2000). Relationships of perceived stress to coping, attachment and social support among HIV-positive persons. AIDS Care, 12(5), 663-672. Friedland, J. J. , Renwick, R. R. , & Mccoll, M. M. (1996). Coping and social support as determinants of quality of life in HIV/AIDS. AIDS Care, 8(1), 15-32. Schreurs, K. M. G. , de Ridders, D. T. D. (1997). integration of coping and social support perspectives Implications for the study of adaptation to chronic diseases. clinical Psychology Review, 17(1), 89-112. .