Friday, February 15, 2019
Emergency and Oral Contraceptives :: Birth Control Expository Essays
Emergency and Oral ContraceptivesContraception is the intentional prevention of conception or pregnancy later on unprotected inner intercourse. Contraceptives are more than 99 percent effective, and I believe they are a reliable defecate of nascence control. Men and women want contraception in one defecate or another that is safe, effective, affordable, and easy to use. Today, more than ever, we have a bod of choices that meet these needs (Winikoff 1). Emergency contraception has been available for more than 25 years and could prevent 1.7 million unintended pregnancies and 800,000 abortions each year in the U.S. It is a safe and effective order of contraception, and women who have used it bailiwick high levels of satisfaction. These successfully staggering numbers are certainty of the authorisation of contraception.A more common name for indispensability contraception is the dawning after anovulatory drug. But this indeed is an inaccurate generalization. The pad of pa per can be taken the night of sexual intercourse, and even up to 72 hours after intercourse. A woman using the emergency contraceptive method should go about taking the recommended dosage within the first 72 hours of unprotected sexual intercourse. The recommended dosage, which is two pills, is to be taken 12 hours apart. For best results, the first pill is to be taken within the 72 hour time frame, only studies do show effectiveness if taken after that period. The second pill must be taken 12 hours after the first (Samra). The emergency contraceptive pills each contain .05 mg of the hormone ethinyl estradiol and .5 mg of the hormone norgestrel. The ingestion of these hormones is what prevents or delays ovulation. These hormones also can prevent the binding of the egg, if one has already been released from the ovary, and may interfere with the nidation of an egg. Scientific evidence suggests the pills work before pregnancy occurs by preventing or delaying ovulation (Syrop).Altho ugh emergency contraception is con placementred safe and effective, it should not be used as an everyday method of contraception. Emergency contraception is not as effective as birth control pills, because of occasions where it is taken too late, and is associated with more uncomfortable side effects. The most common side effects are nausea and cast (Syrop). Another form of emergency contraception deals with the insertion of a copper-T intrauterine whatsis (IUD) within five days of unprotected sex. Insertion of this device is more effective than emergency contraception. Inserting an IUD can prevent implantation of a fertilized egg 99 percent of the time, and can be go forth in place for up to ten years if desired (Syrop).